Presently the refining capacity of the country is 249.366 MMTPA. Details of Refineries along with their refining capacity is as under:-
Refining Capacity of Oil Refineries in the country
NAME, LOCATION & CAPACITY OF REFINERIES:
|S.No.||Refinery Location||Name of the Company||Name Plate Capacity (MMTPA)*|
|1||Digboi, Assam||Indian Oil Corporation Limited||0.650|
|6||Haldia, West Bengal||7.500|
|10||Mumbai,Maharashtra||Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited||7.500|
|11||Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh||8.300|
|12||Mumbai, Maharashtra||Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited||12.000|
|14||Manali, Tamil Nadu||Chennai Petroleum Corporation Limited||10.500|
|16||Numaligarh, Assam||Numaligarh Refinery Ltd.||3.000|
|19||Bina, MP||Bharat Oman Refinery Ltd.||7.800|
|20||Bathinda, Punjab||HPCL Mittal Energy Ltd.||11.300|
|Private Sector Refineries|
|21||DTA-Jamnagar||Reliance Industries Limited||33.000|
|22||SEZ, Jamnagar, Gujarat||35.200|
|23||Vadinar, Gujarat||Essar Oil Limited||20.000|
*MMTPA-Million Metric Tonne Per Annum
3.1 OIL INDUSTRY SAFETY DIRECTORATE (OISD)
The Oil Industry Safety Directorate (OISD) assists the Safety Council under the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas, which is headed by Secretary, P&NG as Chairman and includes Additional Secretary, Joint Secretaries, Chief Executives of all Public Sector Undertakings under the Ministry, Chief Controller of Explosives, Advisor (Fire) of the Government of India, Director General Mines Safety, Director General of Factory Ad vice Service & Labour Institutes and two Chief Executives from private/JC companies, on rotation basis as members. The Oil Industry Safety Directorate (OISD) assists the Safety Council, which is headed by Secretary, P&NG as Chairman and members represent the entire spectrum of stakeholders – PSU, Pvt. Sector & JVs – as well as relevant expert bodies. To review the safety performance of the Industry, the Safety Council meets at least once a year. The job description of OISD is as under:-
Development of Safety Standards
OISD develops Standards I Guidelines I Recommended Practices for the oil and gas sector thru a participative process involving al l the stakeholders (including the public at large), drawing inputs from international standards and adapting them to Indian conditions by leveraging the experience of the constituents. These standards cover inbuilt design safety, asset integrity and best operating practices in the field of production, processing, storage and transport of petroleum. OISD standards are reviewed periodically to asce1tain needs of developing new standards, updating I amending existing standards to incorporate the latest technological developments as well as current experiences on the ground. As on January, 2019, OISD has developed 121 technical safety standards for the oil industry. 21 of these standards are mandatory for the entire Oil & Gas sector by dint of their being included in the Petroleum Rules 2002, the Gas Cylinder Rules 2016, the Static & Mobile Pressure Vessels (Unfired) Rules, 2016 and the Oil Mines Regulations 2017.
During the year 2018-19 OISD has formulated two numbers of standards for the safety of new target areas and revised/ amended 07 Numbers of the existing standards. These standards, after their approval in the 35th Safety Council Meeting held on 17th October 2018 have been released for implementation by the Industry.
External Safety Audits (ESA)
OISD carries out periodic safety audits of all types of Oil & Gas installations to monitor their compliance with the OISD standards.
Pre-Commissioning Safety Audits (PCSA)
To ensure safe & productive capitalization thereby enabling uninterrupted distribution of petroleum products for the public at large, OISD carries out pre-commissioning safety audits of projects across the Oil & Gas Industry. These audits are conducted where; green-field developments and also major additional facilities at existing locations are being done, to ensure ab initio compliance of these facilities to the OISD standards at the construction stage itself.
During 2018-19, 32 nos. of such audits had been conducted on the request of the user Industry members. 874.38 Km of Pipeline was also audited in this context.
Safety Performance Evaluation of Industry
Annual evaluation of Safety Performance of the Industry members is done by a specially developed methodology, which takes cognizance of hazards associated, incident recorded during the year and safety management system of the installation. Organizations, achieving `exceptional safety performance` during the year, are awarded with the Oil Industry Safety Awards. In addition, individuals either company employees or contract labors making exceptional contributions towards the cause of safety in their respective installations are also encouraged and presented with such awards.
‘Oil Industry Safety Awards’, for the year 2017-18 have been finalized by an expert committee constituted for the purpose by MoP&NG. The awards are scheduled to be presented to the respective winners by the Hon’ble Minister of Petroleum & Natural Gas; Minister of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship in the presence of Secretary, Petroleum & Natural Gas during the inaugural ceremony of 23rd Refining & Petrochemical technology Meet (RPTM) to be held at Bombay Exhibition Centre, Mumbai on 12th January’ 2019. Safety awards were presented in the following groups:
- Exploration & Production (Oil & Gas Assets (Onshore); Offshore Production Platforms)
- Refineries & Gas Processing Plants (Refineries; Other Processing Plants)
- Cross Country Pipelines (Crude Pipeline; Gas/LPG Pipeline; Product Pipeline)
- POL Marketing Organizations
- LPG Marketing Organizations
- Award for Individual 's Contribution Towards Safety
Knowledge sharing collaborations:
OISD is the safety regulator for upstream offshore operations in India. OISD has a MOU with Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement (BSEE) of the Department of the Interior, Govt. of USA for knowledge sharing and capacity building in the area of offshore safety.
OISD has also entered into an MOU with Centre for Chemical Process Safety (CCPS) under the aegis of AIChE, USA for knowledge sharing i n the area of Process Safety Management of Chemical Process Plant on 14.05.201 3. This event got an editorial mention in the prestigious "Hydrocarbon Processing" journal. Follow up meeting had been held during July and October, 13 through video conferencing.
Incident Investigation & Analysis
OISD investigates as well as participates in investigation of major incidents (depending upon the severity/damage) to analyze the cause of the incident. A databank of incidents of the oil industry is maintained and analyzed to assess trends, areas of concern and required corrective action. These are then disseminated to the industry through safety alerts, advisory notes, workshops, training programmers, website links etc. During 2018-19, 03 numbers of major incidents were investigated by OISD.
3.2 CENTRE FOR HIGH TECHNOLOGY (CHT)
Centre for High Technology (CHT) was established by Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas (MOP&NG) in I 987 as a specialized agency of the oil industry to assess futuristic technology requirements for acquisition, development and adoption in the field of refinery processes, petroleum products, additives, storage and hand ling of crude oil, products and gas.
CHT acts as the Technical Wing of MOP&NG for implementation of scientific and technological programmers of Govt. of India. Major functions of CHT include assessment of technology requirement as also operational performance evaluation and improvement of the refineries. CHT acts as a focal point of oil industry for centralized technical assistance, knowledge dissemination, performance data base, exchange of information and experience. CHT also coordinates funding of research work in refining and marketing areas and pursue the programmers of "Scientific Advisory Committee on Hydrocarbons" of MOP&NG.
3.3 ENGINEERS INDIA LIMIED (EIL)
Engineers India Limited (EIL) was established m I 965 with its head office i n New Del hi to provide engineering and related technical services for petroleum refineries and related projects. Over the years, it has augmented its span of services and excelled i n various fields to emerge as a leading Project, Design, Engineering and Turnkey (LSTK) contracting company in the fields of:
- Petroleum Refining
- Petrochemicals, Chemicals & fertilizers
- Crude, Petroleum products & Gas Pipelines
- Offshore/ Onshore Oil & Gas
- Terminals & Storage
- Sub Surface Strategic Storage
- Mining & Metallurgy
- Infrastructure & Urban development
Since its foray in infrastructure sector, EIL has secured several noteworthy and significant assignments related to modernization/ development of international airports, intelligent buildings and water management.
An ISO 9001:2015 certified company, EIL has regional offices in Chennai, Vadodara and Kolkata; branch office in Mumbai, overseas engineering/ marketing office in Abu Dhabi, which is a hub of the company’s activities in Middle East. There are Inspection/ Procurement offices at various locations all over India and also in London, Milan and Shanghai with construction offices at different project sites both in India and abroad. Besides, EIL has a wholly owned subsidiary, Certification Engineers International Ltd for providing certification and inspection services. EIL has a joint venture company, Ramagundam Fertilisers and Chemicals Limited, with National Fertilizer Limited (NFL) and Fertilizer Corporation of India (FCIL) for setting up a new Urea and Ammonia plant at Ramagundam, Telengana.
EIL provides a comprehensive range of project related technology and engineering services spanning from project conceptualizing to project commissioning which includes revamp, capacity expansion and modernization of plants.
Auto Fuel Vision and Policy-2025
Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas vide order dated 19.12.2012 has constituted an Expert Committee for drafting Auto Fuel Vision and Policy- 2025 under the Chairmanship of Shri Saumitra Chaudhuri, Member, Planning Commission, with the following terms of reference:-
- Recommend suitable roadmap for auto fuel quality till 2025 for the country, taking into account achievement under the last Auto Fuel Policy, emission reduction of in-use vehicles, growth of vehicles and supply and availability of fuels
- Recommend suitable mix of auto fuels including gas and its specifications considering:
- Availability of infrastructure and logistics of fuel supplies.
- Processing economics of auto fuels
- Improvement in quality of fuel vis-a-vis improvement in vehicle engine technology
- Recommend vehicular emission norms for various categories of vehicles and roadmap for their implementation
- Recommend use of alternate fuels to minimize impact on environment
- Recommend fiscal measures for funding requisite upgradation of oil refineries, logistics and removal of inter fuel pricing Distortions
- The Committee has submitted its report in May, 2014.
Guidelines for laying product pipelines
Transportation of petroleum products, crude oil and gas through pipelines is considered as the cheapest, safest and environment friendly mode of transportation. The network of under-ground pipelines in the country has grown in a big way in the last few decades. The network of pipelines is immensely helpful in maintaining the supply chain of crude oil, petroleum products and gas in the country. The onshore cross country pipelines are laid underground at a depth of about 1.5 mtr. in a corridor of about 18 mtr. Wide, and is operated normally at high pressure.
In a major decision towards deregulation of oil sector and to attract investment in the petroleum product pipelines, in November, 2002, Government had laid down a new Petroleum Product Pipeline Policy for laying pipelines in the country on common carrier principle.
*Guidelines for laying petroleum product pipelines were notified on 20.11.2002.
*Supplementary Guidelines in this regard have also been notified on 26-10-2004.
*The Petroleum and Minerals Pipelines (Acquisition of Right of User in Land) Amendment Act, 2011 notified on 13.01.2012. The amendment provides for more stringent punishment to curb incidents of pilferage from, and sabotage of, pipelines and also to serve as deterrent to the emerging security threat to the pipeline installations including those from extremists and terrorists. The provisions of the above Act came into force w.e.f 01.03.2012.