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    What is LPG?

    LPG is a liquid petroleum fuel. LPG is a mixture of Butane and Propane, which is gaseous at normal temperature and atmospheric pressure. However for convenience in handling, transporting and storage, it is converted into a liquid form bapplication of moderate pressure. The cylinder contains a liquid which vapourises at normal atmospheric pressure, and what comes out at the burner head is then gas, which you ignite with a match-stick.

    Typical Smell of LPG

    LPG in its pure component form is odourless. However to make it easily detectable when leaking, a compound called Mercaptan Sulphur is added in such quantities that even at 1/5 th level of the lower explosive limit, the foul smell will be detectable, and you will be impelled to set about correcting it. LPG is colourless as well.

    LPG is not dangerous

    LPG is no more dangerous than any other fuel. As long as you follow the simple and basic procedures in its use it is safe, in fact, far safer as compared to other conventional fuels. LPG will ignite only when air is mixed with it in certain proportions called the explosive range, which is very narrow. LPG does not ignite, therefore certainly cannot explode, beyond this range.

    LPG is heavier than air

    LPG vapour is nearly twice as heavy as air. In case of a leakage, it would tend to settle at the ground level, which necessitates adequate ground level ventilation where LPG is stored. LPG is lighter than water, hence would float on it.



    LPG Marketing in India

    1. In effect is a combination of the 3 'C's convenient, clean and perhaps the cheapest fuel available today.

    2. The demand and supply balance has tipped in favour of demand, which continues to outstrip supply (which is re-stricted due to limited indigenous availability and import restrictions). In order to bridge the demand-supply gap, the Government has decanalised LPG imports, thereby allowing the private sector to actively participate in the import and marketing of LPG in India.

    3. For domestic users, it is subsidised by the Government in view of its socio-objective commitments.

    4. For our industrial and commercial users, an import parity price is being charged effective 1.10.96., which entails price revisions on a monthly basis.

    Various types of cylinders being marketed by the PSU Oil Companies

    There are 3 types of cylinders being currently marketed - the 14.2 kg, 19 kg and 47.5 kg capacity.Domestic users and exempted category of commercial users are supplied the 14.2 kg cylinders, while the 19 kg and 47.5 kg cylinders are meant exclusively for commercial and industrial use.These cylinders are manufactured only by the approved manufacturers, under the supervision of BIS inspectors and are certified by the Controller of Explosives. While all cylinders are spray painted with a signal red Colour, BPC cylinders have a yellow ring around the bung, HPC cylinders a blue ring, and IOC cylinders are fully red. In case of the 19 kg cylinders, the top is painted olive green.The cylinders carry their complete history with regard to their serial number, tare/gross weight, water capacity, ISI monograms, test dates,manufacturer's identification and year of manufacture.


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