CONSERVATION OF PETROLEUM PRODUCTS
A very high priority is attached by the Government to conservation of
petroleum products in view of the need to reduce ever increasing gap between demand for
and indigenous supply of crude oil and petroleum products.
In the mechanised and the fast-moving world of today the
consumption of petroleum products has become an important yardstick of a country's
Despite the discovery of new sources of unconventional
energy,petroleum remains the primary energy source in India, and even more so, all over
the world. The consumption of petroleum in the world, which started as a few tonnes a year
around 140 years ago, has reached over 3000 Million metric tonnes (MMT) per year! Even in
India, it is increasing at a very steep rate from 3.5 MMT in 1950-51 to 74.7 MMT in 9596.
This is expected to reach 130 MMT in 2001-2002 and 175 MMT in 2006-2007.
Out of the known reserves, only a part may be technically
economically feasible to explore. This fact, coupled with the present and expected
consumption rates implies that these reserves may not last beyond the next 30 years.
For India, the situation could be even more difficult. Given our
limited reserves, our present known stocks may not last even 10 years at the current
consumption rate. Our present indigenous production is only 30.86 MMT and is less than 50%
of our annual requirement.
Therefore, the need of the hour is to conserve petroleum by its
judicious use, substituting it by other resources wherever feasible and restricting its
use only to the essential needs.
Petroleum Conservation, then becomes our joint responsibility be
it the industries, individual citizens, organisations, Oil Companies or the Government.
Each one of us has specific and significant roles to play.
Overall Strategy of Promoting Oil Conservation :
Government has initiated various steps to promote conservation of
petroleum products in the transport, industrial, agricultural and domestic sectors. These
include adoption of measures and practices which are conducive to increase fuel efficiency
and training programme in the transport sector; modernisation of boilers, furnaces and
other oil operated equipments with efficient ones and promotion of fuel efficient
practices and equipment in the industrial sector; standardisation of fuel officient
irigatior pumpsets and rectification of existing pumpsets to make them more energy
efficient in the agricultural sector and development as well as promotion of the use of
fuel efficient equipment and appliances like kerosene and LPG stoves in the household
sector. These activities are promoted and coordinated by the Petroleum Conservation
Research Association (PCRA) and Oil Marketing Companies under the guidance and supervision
of Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas.